Scattering of W and Z bosons: Rare process like 'tiny lightsabers'
The proton that was produced by the Beta decay stays in the atom nucleus, and raises the atomic number by one. A stable particle can be created and annihilated, as there are associated creation and annihilation operators that add or remove particles to the state.
Mystery boson earns Higgs status thanks to W particle
The Z boson is a neutral elementary particle which - along with its electrically charged cousin, the W - carries the weak force. Thank you for your interest in this question. What I want to point out in the picture below is the futuristic-looking set of tracks running across the photo. The imaginary part of the mass is relatied to the halflife of the particle. Z bosons decay into a fermion and its antiparticle.
W and Z bosons Facts for Kids
Moreover, in a lattice model you don't even have a time direction, so you cannot interpret diagrams in terms of paths in time. Z Bosons decay into a fermion and its antiparticle, which are particles such as electrons and quarks which have spin in units of half of the reduced planks constant. Since the two have non-zero electric charges, it can be pair-produced by a photon, too. W and Z bosons facts for kids Kids Encyclopedia Facts.
Scattering of W and Z bosons: Rare process like 'tiny lightsabers' -- ScienceDaily
Higgs boson. Yeah, I know it sounds absurd but it is true. This is done by associating with each vertex a node of the diagram and with each momentum a line; for ingoing momenta an external line ending in a node, for outgoing momenta an external line starting in a node, and for propagator momenta an internal line between two nodes.
Physicists working with the Gargamelle bubble chamber experiment at CERN presented the first convincing evidence to support this idea in Mika Vesterinen, If the pole is at a real energy, the mass is real and the particle is stable; if the pole is at a complex energy in the analytic continuation of the S-matrix to the second sheet , the mass is complex and the particle is unstable. It will be a while still before any decision to break ground is made. Popular on symmetry.
I have not visited the Fukuoka site, though I am told it is a comparably impressive location.
quantum field theory - Are W & Z bosons virtual or not? - Physics Stack Exchange
Photon Gluon W and Z bosons. However, in some extensions beyond the standard model they do. By way of contrast, the photon is the force carrier of the electromagnetic force and has zero mass, consistent with the infinite range of electromagnetism ; the hypothetical graviton is also expected to have zero mass.
The fact that the W and Z bosons have mass while photons are massless was a major obstacle in developing electroweak theory. Figure 2: